Periodontal diseases range from gum inflammation to major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. Bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque.
Plaque that is not removed can harden and form “tartar” that brushing doesn’t clean. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist can remove tartar. The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums that is called “gingivitis”, in which the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place. When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to “periodontitis” (which means “inflammation around the tooth”). The gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces / pockets that become infected. The main goal of periodontal treatment is to control the infection. The type of treatment required will vary from surgical to non surgical, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. A Regular dental examination will therefore ensure early necessary treatment and prevent progress of the disease.
Scaling and polishing involves the use of ultrasonic devices that removes tartar, deposits and stains from areas that are difficult to reach during routine tooth brushing. This reduces the possibility of tooth decay and gum disease. It leaves the tooth surface smooth which makes it less susceptible to bacterial plaque. As part of good oral hygiene measures, it is recommended to get a cleanup done every 6 months!!
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